ExcellAnt’s antenna professionals can quicly design and optimize your antenna solution by efficient 3D electromagnetic design tools. According to our experience, virtual antenna design is the cheapest and fastest way to implement a high-quality antenna – from small IoT devices to large antenna systems.
Excellant ISO 9001 qualified design process is combination of the strong understanding of electromagnetic theory, and the efficient use of latest 3D electromagnetic design tools. This enables shorter time to market, lower costs and lower risks at the later stages of your product design.
We offer feasibility & proof-of-concept studies, antenna design & prototyping, and measurement services.
- Integrated Mobile & IoT antennas
- Antenna arrays
- Integrated & RFIC lens antennas
- Passive repeaters
- Custom antennas
- NBIoT / LTE-M
- Cellular 3G / 4G / 5G
- GPS / GNSS
- WiFi & Bluetooth
- MmWave radars
- Customer specific radio solutions (ISM 2.45 GHz & 5.8 GHz)
Some thoughts on NB-IoT antenna design
The antenna design process begins with a review of the product requirements. In general, requirements are precise in terms of frequency bands with the aim to minimize regional product variants. Depending on the use case of the IoT device, different frequency bands are required for the device. Low-frequency bands (e.g. B5, B8, B13) are commonly used to increase the range of the device and require a slightly larger antenna structure, while higher-frequency bands (e.g. B1, B2) have more bandwidth and the antenna is also smaller. This leads to a multi-band antenna solution, where the main goal is a good impedance matching of the antenna and the highest possible overall efficiency.
Typically, IoT devices are very small in size and this creates greater challenges for antenna design. Most of the commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) antenna components are useless because they do not fit inside the device. There are also very small ceramic antenna components on the market, which would fit the device due to their size. In order to work with good efficiency, they usually require a large ground level, which the devices do not have. In addition, the target market price of IoT devices is low, so the antenna solution must be very cost-effective. Because of these, the antenna is typically implemented either on the circuit board of the device or on a conductive structure in the housing.
The small size of IoT devices limits the antenna performance. In the case of a resonance type antenna, the volume, achievable bandwidth and efficiency of the antenna are interdependent. (Volume must be understood as the volume of the device in general, because a large part of the radiation of the device originates from the entire device.) If the volume of the device is reduced, the bandwidth and/or efficiency of the antenna will decrease. In general, the aim is to maximize the bandwidth so that it covers the targeted bands. In this case, the efficiency decreases. However, the antenna bandwidth can be increased by using several resonances and even more resonances can be created with the help of a matching circuit.
How to maximize the antenna efficiency of your small multiband IoT device, which is very important for the device’s range and battery life?
ExcellAnt’s antenna professionals are specialized in solving these tricky challenges. When you really need a good and cost-effective antenna for your product, please contact us. We have the expertise.